EUR Bounces Back Up following a Dovish ECB Monetary Policy Announcement

Apr. 10, 2019 (Western Union Business Solutions)  – An action-packed Wednesday started with a subdued greenback. The euro held firm after the ECB left borrowing rates unchanged while sterling strengthened as EU officials meet to consider another Brexit delay. Oil near 2019 highs above $64 buoyed commodity currencies like the loonie and Aussie dollar. Norway’s currency rallied after hotter than expected inflation smoothed the path to higher interest rates. In addition to the European happenings, investors today will also scour U.S. inflation data and the minutes of the last Fed meeting. Today’s events could shed light on whether current central bank policies are appropriate or if officials may need to act to stave off a sharper slowdown. While positive for growth, lower interest rate tend to be negative for a currency by tarnishing its appeal to yield-chasers. Higher inflation and less dovish Fed minutes could boost the U.S. dollar.

The euro fell from multi-week highs after the ECB left interest rates unchanged and the post-meeting message from President Mario Draghi was a largely downbeat one. Mr. Draghi acknowledged that recent data had been weak and said that global weakness persisted. On the interest rate outlook, the ECB said that rates would remain anchored at crisis lows all this year with any increase coming no sooner than earlier 2020. Having strengthened in the run-up to the ECB meeting, the euro looks vulnerable to renewed declines given the still-weak backdrop for the bloc.

A potentially crucial day in the road to Brexit started with a gain for the U.K. pound. Theresa May is in Brussels asking the EU for another Brexit delay. Reports suggest another delay could come with strings attached such as a lengthy delay to late 2019 or early 2020. While a long delay would only prolong the uncertainty, it would also eliminate the risk of Britain crashing out of the EU without a deal as soon as Friday, the scenario supporting the pound at the moment.

The loonie was stable, though below multiweek highs reached a day ago. Oil was also steady near fresh 2019 peaks above $64 which bodes well for commodity-linked currencies. The loonie is consolidating ahead of crucial central bank events in the U.S. and Europe.

The dollar pared declines after headline consumer prices accelerated more than expected. The CPI rose at an annual rate of 1.9% in March, above forecasts of 1.8% and February’s 1.5% increase. Core inflation slowed a tick to 2%. The data’s message to the Fed: stay patient. Inflation running at or near the Fed’s 2% sweet spot should help to reduce the likelihood of a dollar-negative interest rate cut. For more clues on the policy outlook, look to today’s minutes of the last Fed meeting due at 2 p.m. ET. A status quo message that emphasizes steady rather than lower rates could translate into a dollar tailwind.

 


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