December 2017

Dec. 10, 2017 (Goldman Sachs FX Research Team) - Our traders are biased to fade NFP related USD moves on both sides and remain long GBP. Looking at GBP we had some good news on the Brexit front with a deal reached overnight, however, markets were seemingly disappointed with the vagueness in the language (likely necessary to keep all parties onboard) which has led to a selloff in cable as New York’s walked in.

-          EUR: USD demand over the week has been noted most particularly in EURUSD as we traded towards 1.1720 support overnight. Ahead of payrolls we do not like chasing EURUSD lower through 1.1720 on a strong report , but would sell a rally on a weaker number, barring flat wage growth, towards 1.1780, 1.1810.  on a break below 1.1700, we expect EURUSD to be well support near 1.1665.

-          CAD: Views are mostly the same in CAD after Wednesday’s position squeeze triggered by a still-dovish BoC on the margin. Much of the idiosyncratic CAD weakness has  played out in the desk’s view as we look for the upcoming data calendar for guidance from here.  Broader dollar price action will likely dictate price action over the coming sessions with NFP today and the FOMC announcement next week being the main catalysts to look out for. USDCAD remains a buy on dips over the short  term technically and given that the recent USD demand across the FX complex is showing little signs of abating – a duration selloff over the past 24 hours adding to the most recent leg. 1.2820 then 1.2785 the levels to watch below with resistance at the cycle highs at 1.2910/30.

-          SEK: SEK is in play. There’s been a well flagged seasonal characteristic that EURSEK goes higher a few days after PPM (Annual payment by The Swedish Pension Agency to various mutual funds. A large share of savings is invested in foreign assets. This disbursement puts downward pressure on SEK). Some estimates put this to be SEK 39-40bn this year of which ~60% is expected to be invested abroad. If we assume half of that is hedged, then the flow effect would be around 12bn. Looking at the last 5 years, we find that this flow effect extends for about 5-6 days afterwards. Payment this year is expected to be on Monday Dec 11th, hence we are biased to be long EURSEK here. Support comes in at 9.89, and resistance at 10 and 10.09.

 


USA 

Dec. 8, 2017 (Tempus Inc.) - The U.S. Dollar improved once again this week based on positive global market sentiment and the passing of a two-week agreement that avoids a government shutdown.

USD

The outlook of congressional consensus on a spending bill remains a concern, but investors welcomed the relief. Per the Bloomberg Dollar Spot Index, the “buck” has gained for a fifth consecutive day, its best appreciating streak since March.

Non-Farm Payroll figures revealed an expansion of 228K jobs, exceeding expectations of 195K. Nevertheless, the overall bag of data this morning came in mixed as Average Hourly Earnings managed to grow by just 0.2% instead of the estimated 0.3%. Wage growth is imperative for an optimistic economic outlook and revised October numbers surprised with a contraction. Unemployment stayed put at 4.1%. The greenback is seesawing as markets react.

EUR

The Euro is trading in lower ranges as good news overnight for the U.S. hurt the shared currency. Equity markets rallying also diminished the Euro’s role as a safe-haven.

Additionally, Industrial Production numbers in Germany came in much lower than predicted with 0.9% growth when economists calculated 1.4%. It is likely the currency will stay quite sensitive to changes in other regions with data already a negative factor leading towards depreciation last seen in over two weeks.

GBP

The Pound saw a lot of up-then-down action overnight with a Brexit breakthrough which now points to advancements in the historic negotiations. Prime Minister Theresa May achieved a deal with European Union officials that puts to rest concerns over an Irish border, a final bill, and the protection of rights of EU citizens within Britain. Basically, the PM decided the best route to end deadlock in talks was to follow a path towards a very soft Brexit.

“Leave” campaign political heads seemed highly dissatisfied while stock markets flourished. It seems like the domestic political instability remains a downside risk for Sterling as well as the unknowns regarding a future with less access to European markets. Progress in talks originally boosted GBP, but the doubts and uncertainties that cloud the situation prevented further gains.

Dec. 3, 2017 (by Ozerov/Suwanapruti at Goldman Sachs Research) - As we wind down 2017, analysts at GS Research see the potential for stronger global growth in 2018 that could boost emerging market currencies and could create USD, SGD and JPY short opportunities against the BRL, INR, and IDR.

“One of our core macro views for next year is for the strong and synchronous global expansion to continue, surprising consensus expectations to the upside. Healthy global growth and trade generally favours emerging market assets — and EM currencies often push beyond ‘fair value’. Two of our Top Trade recommendations capture the currency implications of stronger global and EM growth using baskets in two regions: Asia and Latin America. Top Trade #6 (long INR, IDR, KRW vs. short SGD and JPY) aims to benefit from the ‘equity-centricity’ of Asian currencies, and some country-specific catalysts in India, Indonesia and South Korea. Funding out of SGD and JPY should help mitigate rate risk given the elevated sensitivity of JPY to increases in global interest rates. Top Trade #7 (long BRL, CLP, PEN vs. short USD) is predicated on the expected upside in metals prices, undervalued currencies and still early innings in the Latin America growth recovery.”

 

European Economics Analyst: When regions fail

“At the international level, Europe’s productivity performance has disappointed. Consider the evolution of average output per worker since 1990. The United States started higher and grew faster. At the national level, there is evidence of catch-up convergence among countries within Europe. Less productive countries have tended to exhibit faster post-war productivity growth than their more productive peers. But the degree of dispersion in productivity across European countries has increased over the past decade, despite having fallen for fifty years in the run-up to EMU. At the sub-national level, there is some evidence of productivity divergence between regions within countries. In France and Sweden, for example, regions in which labour productivity was low in 2000 tended to exhibit slower productivity growth between 2000 and 2015 than regions in which labour productivity was high.”

 

US Economics Analyst: Losing My Deduction

“The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) now making its way through Congress is likely to restrict the federal deductibility of state and local taxes. We now expect a repeal of the federal deductibility of state and local (S&L) income taxes as well as a $10k cap on the property tax deduction. Under current law, the ability to deduct taxes paid from taxable income lowers the effective S&L tax rate. While eliminating this deduction would raise substantial federal revenues, the sharper regional differences in effective tax rates would also make it harder for S&L governments to raise income and property taxes.”

Dec. 1, 2017 (Tempus Inc.) - The U.S. Dollar has been swinging within tight ranges and closed the week in similar fashion as markets awaited the chance of tax reform legislation passing the Senate.

USD

Senator Bob Corker of Tennessee is said to be an obstacle towards voting and maintaining confidence of necessary support. Any headlines that provide guidance into proceedings will drive markets one way or the other.

Additionally, market participants are paying attention to news of a potential exit by Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, who is said to be threading on thin ice with the White House. In terms of data, manufacturing gauges like PMI and New Orders will be released at 9:45AM while Construction Spending at 10AM. We think positivity could help recover some of this week’s losses.

EUR

The Euro is trending in favorable ranges as focus remained on U.S. political developments. However, this may change in upcoming weeks as Chancellor Angela Merkel continues to run into problems as she negotiates building a coalition. Nevertheless, the balance for the shared currency came in as news of slightly than expected Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index figures.

Economics are keeping the Euro afloat, but the potential unstable situation in the largest economy of the Euro-bloc is cause for concern. Italy also faces the prospect of new anti-establishment leadership going into 2018.

CAD

The Canadian Dollar improved by over 1.0% meriting appreciation on the basis of solid Gross Domestic Product Growth during the month of September. Data showed a 0.2% expansion over the estimated 0.1%, bringing the yearly average to 3.3%, a level that satisfies the Bank of Canada’s outlook. Oil prices also being on the way up as winter sets in and OPEC extends production cuts could result in further gains before the year ends.